Gamma-ray observations of low-luminosity active galactic nuclei

I risultati suggeriscono che la presenza di potenti getti radio è di sostanziale importanza per l'osservazione di una controparte di raggi gamma significativa anche se questi getti sono disallineati rispetto alla linea di vista. Scopriamo anche che la maggior parte dei LLAGN più luminosi dei raggi X non ha un raggio gamma significativo e una forte emissione radio, suggerendo che i raggi X provengono principalmente dal flusso di accrescimento in questi casi.

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The majority of the activity around nearby (z ~ 0) supermassive black holes is found in low-luminosity active galactic nuclei (LLAGN), the most of them being classified as low ionization nuclear emission regions. Although these sources are well studied from radio up to X-rays, they are poorly understood in gamma-rays. In this work we take advantage of the all sky-surveying capabilities of the Large Area Telescope on board Fermi Gamma ray Space Telescope to study the whole Palomar sample of LLAGN in gamma-rays. Precisely, the four radio-brightest LLAGN in the sample are identified as significant gamma-ray emitters, all of which are recognized as powerful Fanaroff-Riley I galaxies. These results suggest that the presence of powerful radio jets is of substantial importance for observing a significant gamma-ray counterpart even if these jets are misaligned with respect to the line of sight. We also find that most of the X-ray-brightest LLAGN do not have a significant gamma-ray and strong radio emission, suggesting that the X-rays come mainly from the accretion flow in these cases. A detailed analysis of the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of NGC 315 and NGC 4261, both detected in gamma-rays, is provided where we make a detailed comparison between the predicted hadronic gamma-ray emission from a radiatively inefficient accretion flow (RIAF) and the gamma-ray emission from a leptonic jet-dominated synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model. Both SEDs are better described by the SSC model while the RIAF fails to explain the gamma-ray observations.
Fonte: arXiv